Literature review for VYP

Based on previous year practice, below is a list of general question that you will refer to, as a part of the literature review. You may begin searching and preparing answers individually, discuss it and compile a common, unique answer for a group (Avoid simple copy + pasting). Use a blog to record your progress.

In case of any difficulty, feel free to communicate. Leave a reply at the end of this article. The questions below are for creating sensitization about Rurban projects with generating background before moving ahead to Socio-economic survey. You may modify the list of topics/questions below as you deem appropriate. (GTU may provide additional tasks as deem appropriate).

About Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission

National Rurban Mission

“As per Census of India statistics, the rural population in India, stands at 833 million, constituting almost 68% of the total population. Further, the rural population has shown a growth of 12% during the 2001-2011 period and there has been an increase in the absolute number of villages by 2279 units, during the same period.

Large parts of rural areas in the country are not stand-alone settlements but part of a cluster of settlements, which are relatively proximate to each other. These clusters typically illustrate potential for growth, have economic drivers and derive locational and competitive advantages. Hence, making a case for concerted policy directives for such clusters. These clusters once developed can then be classified as ‘Rurban’. Hence taking cognizance of this, the Government of India, has proposed the Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission (SPMRM), aimed at developing such rural areas by provisioning of economic, social and physical infrastructure facilities.

Taking also into view, the advantages of clusters, both from an economic view point as well as to optimize benefits of infrastructure provision, the Mission aims at development of 300 Rurban clusters, in the next five years. These clusters would be strengthened with the required amenities, for which it is proposed that resources be mobilized through convergence of various schemes of the Government, over and above which a Critical Gap Funding (CGF) would be provided under this Mission, for focused development of these clusters.”

Vision Statement

The National Rurban Mission (NRuM) follows the vision of “Development of a cluster of villages that preserve and nurture the essence of rural community life with focus on equity and inclusiveness without compromising with the facilities perceived to be essentially urban in nature, thus creating a cluster of “Rurban Villages”.


The objective of the National Rurban Mission (NRuM) is to stimulate local economic development, enhance basic services, and create well planned Rurban clusters.



  1. What is the meaning Urban and Rural?
  2. Definition of: Rural area / Village.
  3. Scenario: Rural / Urban India and Gujarat as per Census 2011 {Population Growth}
  4. Rural issues Concerns.

–          Rural Health

–          Rural Schools and Education

–          Rural Poverty

–          Domestic Violence and other aspects

  1. Various Measures for Rural development
  2. What is an ideal Village? An example or live case studies of an ideal village of India / Gujarat.

–          Example/Case study of Ideal village

  1. Various infrastructure facilities, its types, importance in villages

–          Importance and innovative practices

  1. Various guidelines / Norms for Villages for the provisions of different infrastructure facilities.
  2. Concept: Rurban town & its importance

–          Importance of Rurban Town

–          Sustainable Development

  1. Renewable Energy source;
  2. Planning for village
  3. Planning aspects

You may take reference from:

  1. Rurban Portal (
  2. Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission (SPMRM) []
  3. Understanding Rural­Urban Linkages and Their Connection to Institutional Contexts (
  4. Department of Rural Development

  5. Prime Minister’s Rural Development Fellows Scheme

  6. Rural Development – Rural | India Portal

  7. National Institute of Rural Development and Panchayati Raj – Home



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