Engineering & Research

Lecture by Dr. C. B. Bhatt, VGEC, Chandkheda, A-2, GTU, Chandkheda (26/11/2016 – time: 03.15 am – 04.00 pm)

Extracted notes from the lecture


What is Engineering?

The primary task of engineering is to find and deliver optimal solutions to real life problems, within the given material, technological, economic, social, and environmental constraints, through the application of scientific, technological and engineering knowledge.

  • Steam engine was developed before the law of thermodynamics were developed
  • Applications are identified first and background principles later
  • We need to know many things beyond science to solve a problem
  • Perceptions of many for engineering
    • Engineering knowledge is pursued at great efforts and expense in schools of engineering
    • Science is seen as revealed knowledge
    • Engineering is no merely routine and deductive as assumed in the applied-science model
    • Technology is seen as a collection of artifacts on constructed by trial and error
  • Activities of engineering
    • Organize: bringing into being, get together or arrange
    • Design: plans from which the artifice is built
    • Construction: production or manufacturing
    • Operation: employment of the artifice in meeting the recognized need
  • Sources of engineering problems
    • Functional failure of current technologies
    • Extrapolation from past technologies successes
    • Imbalances between related technological successes
    • Potential, rather than the actual technological failures
    • Perception of a new technological change
    • Internal logic of a technology
    • Internal needs of design (a better method to charge batteries, a new converter configuration)
    • Need for decreased uncertainties (studies on noisy channel)
  • Data is a raw information; it needs some context to be attached for data to be meaningful.
  • To gain knowledge out of information
  • We can apply to various domains and solve problems spread over multiple domains
  • Application of domain knowledge in solving problems about another area is possible rather more advantageous

Categories of engineering knowledge

  • Fundamental design concepts
    • Operational principles of the devices.
  • Criteria and Specifications
    • It is necessary to translate the qualitative goals for devising into specific, quantitative goals. Design criteria vary widely in perceptibility.
  • Theoretical tools
    • Mathematical tools
    • Physical principles
    • Theories based on scientific principles but motivated by and limited to a technologically important class of phenomena or even to a particular device
    • Societal problem solution based on engineering principles
  • Quantitative data
    • Descriptive (physical constants) and prescriptive (how things should be) data
  • Practical constraints
  • Design instrumentality

Activities through which engineering knowledge acquired

  • Transfer from science
  • Invention
  • Theoretical engineering research
  • Experimental engineering research
  • Design practice
  • Production

Design instrumentality (documentation of thumb rules explained, is missing in most of the cases)

  • It is an approach adopted by practicing engineers, identifying and linking it with principles behind such thumb rule based adopted method can be an excellent research
  • Top-down approach to design a product
  • Phasing of development of a product
  • Structuring of an electronic product
  • Design walk-throughs

Identify all members of the team early on and include every member in the group communications from the outset


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Engineering & Research by Bhasker Vijaykumar Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. It means you are free to use the above content after an appropriate citation.

Lets learn

Prof. Bhasker Bhatt is a Town Planner and Civil Enginee. He has been very active with design thinking based training program as an expert conducting workshops.He completed his masters in town planning with a research on Road Safety Audit. As far as academics are concerned, he has been excellent and awarded with several Gold Medals during Diploma, Degree and Post Graduate studies. He had provided his services in the field of consultancy at national as well as international level through working with multilateral organisations such as The World Bank and United Nations Development Project-India. Research areas of him include Road Safety, Urban Planning, Infrastructure Planning, Statistical Analysis Techniques, GIS and Climate Change effects in urban areas.He is actively associated with several professional organisations and serving various prestigious posts for better interaction among educational, engineering and planning fraternity. He has more than 6 years’ experience in technical consultancy and about 6 years of engineering teaching. He has guided about 23 PG Dissertations and 10+ UG projects as well as a few AMIE projects. Towards continuous upgradations of skills and technological advancements, he has attempted 50+ events consisting of workshops, training programs, seminars, conventions, and symposiums. He frequently organises events for students and faculty members that ignite active academic upgradations and industrial interaction. He has published more than 56 technical research papers in conferences and journals. Several of his research articles are awarded with Best Paper honor during conferences. Most of all his works are available online for reference along with projects and dissertation reports. He is fascinated to conduct academic and exposure trips for students through putting his network of acquaintances to best of use.Prof. Bhasker is a recipient of “Best Section Management Committee Member of ISTE Gujarat Section 2015”. Also, he was honoured by “Pedagogical Innovation Award 2015” by the GTU for his efforts and contributions in engineering education. At the GTU he was a Master Trainer for Faculty Development Programs conducted at the University wherein he trained more than 350+ teachers of diverse engineering discipline. 1500+ students have attended his sessions on Design Thinking approach that ignites the engineering insights and motivates the engineering brain to increase capabilities, drastically. Recently he has been active with Startup Weekend Surat (powered by Google Inc.) as a trainer. He has developed his own learning portal, www.new.bvbhatt.com for learners - completely free of cost to best serve the purpose of spreading knowledge.

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